Eurelectric - E-Mobility
Electric vehicles are an essential part of the solution to Europe's twin challenges of reducing carbon emissions and improving energy security. They are typically three times more energy-ef?cient than conventional cars, including those using biofuels. Moreover, they help to reduce the EU's oil import dependency, which - on its present trajectory - is predicted to reach 90% by 2030. The declining carbon intensity of the electricity sector and the growth of renewable electricity mean that electric cars will become even cleaner and more sustainable in future.
In addition, electrification of public transport, in particular urban buses, is currently being assessed due to its potential contribution to tackling overall mobility challenges such as congestion, local air and noise pollution.
EURELECTRIC's work on electric vehicles underscores the leading role the electricity industry can play in the widespread roll-out of electric vehicles. We focus particularly on bottlenecks and other barriers that still hinder the integration of electric cars into the electricity grid. The current lack of coordination on charging infrastructure such as plugs or connectors is of particular concern: customers still cannot benefit from a single, standardised charging solution across Europe. This is illustrated in our paper on charging infrastructure which sets out figures on the number of installations and type of connectors used in Europe. We have therefore called on the EU institutions to act to put an end to this uncoordinated approach.
Our previous papers have also stressed the need for "smart charging" - essentially charging cars when power generation is high and prices are low - and identified possible models to roll out public charging infrastructure.
Several such initiatives are included in our e-mobility project map.
As part of its involvement in research and demonstration projects on e-mobility at European level, EURELECTRIC acts as a partner of the Green eMotion project, a large-scale European e-mobility project, launched within the European Union's Green Cars Initiative. It brings together 43 partners from industry, energy sector, electric vehicle manufacturers, municipalities as well as universities and research institutions. Green eMotion will use the results of on-going regional and national electro-mobility initiatives to compare different technological approaches and ensure that the best solutions prevail for the European market.